1. Civic products
      1. Participatory democracy
        1. Civic crowdfunding platforms
        2. Participatory budgeting
        3. Open innovation
          1. Crowdsourcing
          2. Challenges
          3. Expert networks
          4. Ideation
          5. Public input and engagement tools
        4. Crowdlaw
        5. Group decision-making
      2. Govtech
        1. Bureaucracy tech
        2. Identity
        3. Service delivery
        4. Behavioral economics programs
        5. Communicating with the people
          1. Service alerts
        6. Communicating with the government
          1. Issue reporting
      3. Voting and elections
        1. Voter registration
        2. Election administration
        3. Voter assistance
        4. Match views to votes
        5. Help more people run for office
      4. Get social benefits
      5. Online forums
        1. Civic forums
        2. Neighborhood forums
      6. Resource matching and sharing
    2. Civic data
      1. Open data publishing platforms
      2. Marketplaces and clearinghouses
      3. Crowdsourced data collection
      4. Data schemas and standards
      5. Data visualization tools and platforms
        1. Dashboards
      6. Data analysis
      7. Mapping
      8. Archives
    3. Advocacy tech
      1. Activism aggregators
      2. Organize campaigns
        1. Email campaign tools
          1. Peer to peer email
        2. SMS campaign tools
          1. Peer to peer SMS
        3. Petitions
        4. Fundraising
      3. Watchdogging and transparency
        1. Budget explorers
        2. Promise trackers
        3. Social and financial connections
        4. Freedom of Information
    4. Media
      1. Fight disinformation
        1. Factchecking
      2. Solutions journalism
        1. De-polarization technologies
        2. Opinion matching
        3. Media and social media analysis
        4. Hyperlocal news and citizen media
        5. Games and gamification
  1. High-tech civic tech
    1. Sensors
    2. Artificial intelligence and bots
    3. Algorithmic transparency
    4. Virtual and augmented reality
    5. Blockchain
    6. Hardware
        1. Drones
        2. Connectivity
        3. ICT4D